Campus Law Considered is a free resource for student affairs professionals that offers timely, compelling, and practical information about law and policy issues in four critical areas: campus safety, student health and wellbeing, student rights, and Title IX compliance.
Campus Law Considered is a publication from the National Center for Student Life, a division of Magna Publications, helping higher education students and professionals develop leadership and other essential skills needed to create safer, healthier, and more equitable campuses and communities.
Site content is for educational purposes only. It is not legal advice nor a substitute for consulting institutional counsel or another licensed attorney. Views presented are those of the contributors, not their employers.
Karin Van Voorhees
As content development manager for Magna Publications, Karin Van Voorhees oversees all higher education topics including compliance, academic, and student life products. She has more than twenty years of writing and publishing experience in industries including education, high technology, business services, and consumer. She earned her bachelor’s degree in English Literature from Denison University.
Peter F. LakePeter F. Lake is professor of law, Charles A. Dana chair and director of the Center for Excellence in Higher Education Law and Policy at Stetson University College of Law.
He is an internationally-recognized expert on higher education law and policy. Professor Lake has written numerous law review articles and books, including: The Rights and Responsibilities of the Modern University: The Rise of the Facilitator University (Carolina Academic Press 2013), Foundations of Higher Education Law & Policy: Basic Legal Rules, Concepts and Principles for Student Affairs (NASPA 2011), and Beyond Discipline – Managing the Modern Higher Education Environment (Hierophant Enterprises, Inc. 2009).
He has been quoted or referred to in the New York Times, Wall Street Journal, USA Today, Chicago Sun Times, The Chronicle of Higher Education, Time, Newsweek, Cosmopolitan, various reported legal decisions including the supreme courts of Virginia and Florida.
Eric S. Davidson, currently serves as the Associate Director for the Eastern Illinois University Health Service where he has overseen health promotion efforts for over 19 years. He also serves as the Director for the Illinois Higher Education Center for Alcohol, Other Drug, and Violence Prevention where he oversees training and professional development for student affairs practitioners implementing campus substance abuse programming throughout the state of Illinois. In this role, Eric provides campuses with understanding drug free schools and campuses act requirements, effective prevention programming, and assessment/evaluation.
Eric S. Davidson
Davidson possesses a Ph.D. in Health Education from Southern Illinois University, and a Master’s degree in Clinical Psychology from Eastern Illinois University. He is also both a Certified Master Community Health Education Specialist and a Certified Senior Prevention Specialist. He currently serves as the BACCHUS Initiatives of NASPA Area 4 Consultant.
Alan Davis is an accomplished leader and administrator with over 20 years of experience in non-profit senior management who has led major administrative departments at Tulane University as well as two national higher education non-profit organizations. Alan offers a thorough knowledge of higher education and the nonprofit sector in areas that include volunteer development and management, financial management, staff development, cultivation of partnerships and collaborative relationships, new product development, revenue generation, and strategic and operational planning.
As chief executive of a higher education professional association, Alan provided direction and leadership during a period of change in the association sector. He successfully led the association through strategic analysis of the environment, implementation of innovative programs, and efficient management of operations. He currently serves as executive director of the VTV Family Outreach Foundation, a national foundation that advances safety and security issues on college campuses.
Across three decades, Alan has also been elected and appointed to leadership positions in national and regional professional organizations. Alan holds bachelors and masters degrees from Stetson University and completed the Harvard University Graduate School of Education Management Development Program. He has served as chair of the Council of Higher Education Management Associations and President of the South Carolina Society of Association Executives, and was honored as Association Executive of the Year in South Carolina. An experienced volunteer leader, Alan is currently a member of the International Advisory Council of the Center for Excellence in Higher Education Law and Policy of the Stetson University College of Law. Alan also served as a member of the board of directors of the Stetson University alumni association.
Dr. Gene Deisinger is a Managing Partner & Co-Founder of SIGMA Threat Management Associates, a professional services firm involving internationally recognized experts in psychology & behavior, law, organizational development, security, and law enforcement. A woman-owned small business, SIGMA provides threat assessment training and consulting services to clients worldwide, helping clients evaluate threatening circumstances, manage situations, mitigate risk for violence, and enhance the safety and well-being of their communities. Until his retirement in November 2014, Dr. Deisinger also served as Deputy Chief of Police & Director of Threat Management Services for Virginia Tech, positions to which he had been recruited following the 2007 mass casualty incident at that campus. In February 2015, Dr. Deisinger was retained as the Threat Management Consultant for the Virginia Center for School & Campus Safety. As an independent contractor, Dr. Deisinger provides training and consultation for schools, campuses, government, and law enforcement agencies across the Commonwealth of Virginia. Dr. Deisinger earned his doctorate in psychology from Iowa State University. He is a licensed psychologist, a certified health service provider in psychology, and, until his retirement, a certified law enforcement officer.
Oren R. Griffin
Oren R. Griffin is a member of the faculty at the Mercer University School of Law and also serves as Associate Dean for Strategic Initiatives. His teaching and scholarly interests focus on employment law, civil litigation, alternative dispute resolution, and higher education law.
He has over 20 years of experience as a university administrator and attorney representing educational institutions and for-profit organizations in federal and state courts. Griffin is a frequent speaker at regional and national conferences for organizations such as the National Association of College and University Attorneys, the Stetson University College of Law National Conference on Law and Higher Education, the Alabama College System, and the International Association of Campus Law Enforcement Officers. In addition, his scholarly work has appeared in the Journal of College and University Law, the St Louis University Law Journal, the Albany Law Review, the West Education Law Report, the Seattle University Law Review, and the Chronicle of Higher Education.
Griffin earned his B.S. degree in Business Administration from Southern University at New Orleans, an M.A.E. degree in Postsecondary Education from the University of Northern Iowa, and his Ph.D. degree in Higher Education Administration and Policy Studies from the University of Iowa. Griffin earned his law degree from the Washington and Lee University School of Law. He has also served as a law clerk for the Mississippi Supreme Court.
Howard Kallem is the Director of Title IX Compliance for Duke University. He had previously held a similar position as Title IX Compliance Coordinator at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Before that, he was Chief Regional Attorney for the Office for Civil Rights, U.S. Department of Education, D.C. Enforcement Office for 16 years and in OCR’s policy office for 4 years. He took a year off from his position as Chief Regional Attorney to work as a Senior Equal Opportunity Specialist with the Office of Equity and Diversity Services at George Mason University in Virginia. Previously, he was with the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission for 14 years, and was in private legal practice before that. He has worked extensively with issues such as sexual and racial harassment, testing, and meeting the needs of students with disabilities. He received his law degree from Catholic University of America.
Connie J. Kirkland
Connie J. Kirkland, MA, NCC, is the Director of the NOVACares Office at Northern Virginia Community College, where she chairs the Threat Assessment Team, coordinates behavioral intervention and support services for the college, and manages the college Sexual Assault Services program. Previously, she was the Director of Sexual Assault Services at George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia, where for 20 years she provided education and intervention services for victims of campus sexual assault, stalking, and dating/domestic violence. In 2014 Ms. Kirkland spoke with members of the White House Campus Sexual Assault Task Force, presented keynotes addressing Title IX issues at both the Stetson Law School National Conference on Law and Higher Education and the Virginia Department of Criminal Justice Services Campus Crime Summit.
David W. Parrott
Dr. David W. Parrott serves as the Executive Associate Vice President for Student Affairs and Chief of Staff in addition to teaching in the Department of Educational Administration at Texas A & M University. Dr. Parrott earned his doctorate at the University of Louisville in Educational Psychology with an emphasis in Student Affairs Administration Additionally, he holds an M.A. in College Student Personnel and a B.S. in Business Management from Western Kentucky University. Dr. Parrott has served as the Associate Dean of Students and later the Assistant Vice President for Student Affairs at Western Michigan University. Before arriving at Western Michigan University, he served in a number of capacities at Western Kentucky. Dr. Parrott has taught higher education law at Western Kentucky University, Western Michigan University, and Bowling Green State University. Currently he teaches Higher Education Law at Texas A&M University to both Student Affairs Master’s and Higher Education Administration Doctoral students. Dr. Parrott has also consulted extensively in the areas of race relations, conflict management, legal issues, and student conduct policies and processes. He has served on the faculty for the Gehring Academy, the national training academy for student conduct officials, and for the Student Organization Institute, the national training institute for those who supervise or train advisors of student organizations.
Dr. Parrott has served on the Board of Directors for the Association for Student Conduct Administration (ASCA) (formerly ASJA) in the following capacities: Director at large, President-elect, President, and immediate past President. Currently, he also serves as Chairperson for the ASCA Foundation. Additionally, he is active in the National Association of Student Personnel Administrators (NASPA) and has presented numerous times at both NASPA and ASCA. Dr. Parrott is a charter member of ASCA, an honorary member of the Golden Key Honor Society, and was awarded Life Membership in Delta Sigma Pi - the International Business Fraternity. He is the 2013 recipient of ASCA’s highest honor, the Donald D. Gehring Award that is given in recognition of sustained exceptional individual contributions to the field of student conduct administration. Also, Dr. Parrott was recognized by the National Orientation Directors Association (NODA) with the 2013 President’s Award.
Dr. Jeff Pollard is a Board Certified Licensed Psychologist, and founding member of George Mason University’s Threat Assessment Team where he is a Professor in the Department of Psychology. He teaches graduate courses in advanced psychotherapy as well as threat assessment. He is the Senior Consulting Psychologist with SIGMA Threat Management Associates and has consulted to universities, colleges, private individuals, and government agencies throughout the country on threat assessment.
Dr. Pollard served in Higher Education as Director of Counseling and Health Services for over thirty years. He was awarded the Lifetime Achievement Award by the Association of University and College Counseling Center Directors (AUCCCD) and recognized for Extraordinary Contributions to Leadership in Counseling Psychology & Distinguished Service by the American Academy of Counseling Psychology. Dr. Pollard’s current projects include the Advisory Council for the 32 National Campus Safety Initiative with the Virginia Tech Victims Family Outreach Foundation.
Laura Rothstein is a Professor of Law and Distinguished University Scholar at the University of Louisville, Louis D. Brandeis School of Law. Professor Rothstein joined the Louis D. Brandeis School of Law at the University of Louisville as Professor of Law and Dean in 2000 (serving as dean until 2005). She has written extensively on disability discrimination, covering a broad range of issues, and her works include some of the earliest works on special education law and disability discrimination law generally. Much of her work is in the area of disability issues in higher education, particularly legal education. She has served as founding co-chair of the AALS Section on Disability Law, Chair of the American Bar Association Section of Legal Education and Admission to the Bar Diversity Committee, and a member of the Law School Admission Council Board of Trustees. From 1980 to 1986, she served as Faculty Editor of the Journal of College and University Law, the law journal published by the National Association of College and University Attorneys. She is the recipient of the 2011 William A. Kaplin Award for Excellence in Higher Education Law and Policy Scholarship, awarded by Stetson Law School’s Institute for Higher Education Law and Policy. This award recognizes scholars who have published works on education law that embrace the intersection of law and policy. In 2012 she was one of five faculty members in the University to be recognized by the University of Louisville for Distinguished Scholarship. Before coming to the University of Louisville, Professor Rothstein was a Law Foundation Professor of Law at the University of Houston where she served as Associate Dean for Graduate Legal Studies (2004-2005) and Associate Dean for Student Affairs (1987-1993). She has served on the faculties of three other law schools and began her legal career at the Department of Justice in Washington DC.
Catherine Criswell Spear
Catherine Criswell Spear received her Juris Doctorate from Case Western Reserve University School of Law. She started her legal career as an associate at a law firm, which specialized in employment discrimination cases. She left private practice to begin her 19 year career as a civil rights attorney for the U.S. Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights (OCR), in Cleveland, Ohio. Her OCR career culminated in her serving as the Cleveland office's director from May 2010-2014. During her tenure at OCR, she gained extensive experience investigating and resolving cases involving alleged discrimination on the basis of sex (including sexual harassment and sexual violence), gender, race, color, national origin, disability and age, as well as retaliation. In May 2014, she joined Stanford University as its Title IX Coordinator. As Title IX Coordinator, she is responsible for the University’s timely and appropriate response to all student-related concerns involving sexual harassment, sexual assault/sexual misconduct, stalking and relationship (dating and domestic) violence. She also is responsible for overseeing University-wide education for students, faculty and staff in these areas.
William E. Thro
William E. Thro is General Counsel of University of Kentucky, a former Solicitor General of Virginia (2004-08), and a Past President of the Education Law Association (2013). His scholarship focuses on constitutional law in educational contexts. In recognition of his scholarly work, he received Stetson University’s Kaplin Award for Excellence in Higher Education Law & Policy Scholarship (2014) and was named a Fellow of both the National Association of College and University Attorneys’ (2007), and the National Education Finance Conference (2012).
Julian R. Williams
Julian R. Williams was appointed as the Vice President for Compliance, Diversity and Ethics for George Mason University in June 2015.
In this role he provides leadership to the University’s Compliance, Diversity and Ethics division, which includes the Title IX and ADA coordinator(s), University Ombudsman, and Assistive Technology Initiative. Julian serves as the University's executive-level compliance, diversity and ethics strategist and champion. He also advises University leadership on compliance policies and procedures. Julian leads the University's efforts to ensure a diverse student body and workforce.
Previously, he served as the Director of Equal Opportunity and Title IX Officer at Vassar College in Poughkeepsie NY. In that role he was the primary liaison to President, Board of Trustees, government officials, and others in the campus community on incidences of sexual misconduct and claims of discrimination or harassment.
Julian earned a Bachelor's of Arts degree in English from the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor and a Juris Doctorate from Michigan State University College of Law.
Julian has also served as the Director of the Office of Equity and Diversity at Monmouth University in New Jersey.
Julian has worked as a civil trial attorney in the state of Michigan on cases involving discrimination, harassment, and violations of the Family and Medical Leave Act. Julian also served as union-side legal counsel in disputes between Michigan public school employees and public school districts.
He serves on the executive board for the American Association for Access, Equity, and Diversity, a national non-profit association of professionals working in the areas of equal opportunity and diversity dedicated to the promotion of policies designed to fulfill the nation’s promise of equal opportunity for all individuals.
Julian is also a member of the National Association of Diversity Officers in Higher Education (NADOHE).